Python Default Parameter Values
Python has interesting behaviour for default values:
def a(v=): v.append(1) print(v) a() a() a() a()
Why does this happen? Default parameter values are always evaluated when, and only when, the “def” statement they belong to is executed. Also note that “def” is an executable statement in Python, and that default arguments are evaluated in the “def” statement’s environment. If you execute “def” multiple times, it’ll create a new function object (with freshly calculated default values) each time.